Israeli Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman hinted on Monday that Iranian military assets in Iraq may be targeted by his country.
“We are certainly monitoring everything that is happening in Syria and, regarding Iranian threats, we are not limiting ourselves just to Syrian territory. This also needs to be clear,” he told a conference hosted and aired live by the Israel Television News Company.
Asked if that included possible action in Iraq, Lieberman said: “I am saying that we will contend with any Iranian threat, and it doesn’t matter from where it comes ... Israel’s freedom is total. We retain this freedom of action.”
Citing Iranian, Iraqi and Western sources, Reuters reported last week that Iran had transferred short-range ballistic missiles to allies in Iraq in recent months.
Israel sees in Iran’s regional expansion an attempt to open up new fronts against it. Israel has repeatedly launched attacks in Syria to prevent any entrenchment of Iranian forces helping Damascus in the war.
There was no immediate response from the government of Iraq, which is technically at war with Israel, nor from US Central Command in Washington, which oversees US military operations in Iraq.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on Saturday he was “deeply concerned” by the reported Iranian missile transfer.
“If true, this would be a gross violation of Iraqi sovereignty and of UNSCR 2231,” he tweeted, referring to a UN Security Council resolution endorsing the 2015 international nuclear deal with Iran. The Trump administration abandoned that deal in May, citing, among other factors, Iran’s ballistic missile projects.
According to regional sources, Israel began carrying out air strikes in Syria in 2013 against arms transfers and deployments by Iran and its Lebanese ally, “Hezbollah”.
These operations have largely been ignored by Russia, Damascus’s big-power backer, and coordinated with other powers conducting their own military operations in Syria.
A Western diplomat briefed on the coordination told Reuters last year that, while Israel had a “free hand” in Syria, it was expected not to take any military action in neighboring Iraq, where the United States has been struggling to help achieve stability since its 2003 invasion to topple Saddam Hussein.
Despite their formal state of hostilities, Israel and Iraq have not openly traded blows in decades.